Carbonated water steadily grows in popularity every year.
In fact, the sales of sparkling mineral water are projected to reach 6 billion USD per year by 2021.
However, there are many types of carbonated water available, leaving people to wonder what sets these varieties apart.
This article explains the differences between club soda, seltzer, sparkling, and tonic water.
They’re all types of carbonated water
Simply put, club soda, seltzer, sparkling, and tonic water are different types of carbonated drinks.
However, they vary in processing methods and added compounds. This results in different mouthfeels or flavors, which is why some people prefer one type of carbonated water over another.
Club soda is carbonated water that has been infused with added minerals. Water is carbonated by injecting carbon dioxide gas, or CO2.
Some minerals that are commonly added to club soda include:
- potassium sulfate
- sodium chloride
- disodium phosphate
- sodium bicarbonate
The amounts of minerals added to club soda depend on the brand or manufacturer. These minerals help enhance the flavor of club soda by giving it a slightly salty taste.
Like club soda, seltzer is water that has been carbonated. Given their similarities, seltzer can be used as a substitute for club soda as a cocktail mixer.
However, seltzer generally does not contain added minerals, which gives it a more “true” water taste, although this depends on the brand.
Seltzer originated in Germany, where naturally occurring carbonated water was bottled and sold. It was very popular, so European immigrants brought it to the United States.
Sparkling mineral water
Unlike club soda or seltzer, sparkling mineral water is naturally carbonated. Its bubbles come from a spring or well with naturally occurring carbonation.
Spring water contains a variety of minerals, such as sodium, magnesium, and calcium. However, the amounts vary based on the source from which the spring water was bottled.
According to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), mineral water must contain at least 250 parts per million dissolved solids (minerals and trace elements) from the source from which it was bottled .
Interestingly, the mineral content of water may change the taste significantly. That’s why different brands of sparkling mineral water typically have their own unique taste.
Some producers further carbonate their products by adding carbon dioxide, making them even more bubbly.
Tonic water has the most unique taste of all four beverages.
Like club soda, it’s carbonated water that contains minerals. However, tonic water also contains quinine, a compound isolated from the bark of cinchona trees. Quinine is what gives tonic water a bitter taste .
Tonic water was historically used to prevent malaria in tropical areas in which the disease was prevalent. Back then, tonic water contained significantly higher amounts of quinine .
Today, quinine is only present in small amounts to give tonic water its bitter taste. Tonic water is also commonly sweetened with either high fructose corn syrup or sugar to improve taste .
This beverage is often used as a mixer for cocktails, especially those including gin or vodka.
They contain very few nutrients
Club soda, seltzer, sparkling, and tonic water contain very few nutrients. Below is a comparison of the nutrients in 12 ounces (355 mL) of all four beverages .
|Club Soda||Seltzer||Sparkling Mineral Water||Tonic Water|
|Sodium||3% of the Daily Value (DV)||0% of the DV||2% of the DV||2% of the DV|
|Calcium||1% of the DV||0% of the DV||9% of the DV||0% of the DV|
|Zinc||3% of the DV||0% of the DV||0% of the DV||3% of the DV|
|Copper||2% of the DV||0% of the DV||0% of the DV||2% of the DV|
|Magnesium||1% of the DV||0% of the DV||9% of the DV||0% of the DV|
Tonic water is the only beverage that contains calories, all of which come from sugar.
Although club soda, sparkling mineral water, and tonic water contain some nutrients, the amounts are very low. They contain minerals mostly for taste, rather than for health.
They contain different types of minerals
To achieve different tastes, club soda, sparkling, and tonic water contain different minerals.
Club soda is infused with mineral salts to enhance its taste and bubbles. These include potassium sulfate, sodium chloride, disodium phosphate and sodium bicarbonate.
Seltzer, on the other hand, is made similarly to club soda but generally does not contain any added minerals, giving it a more “true” water taste.
The mineral content of sparkling mineral water depends on the spring or well from which it came.
Each spring or well contains different amounts of minerals and trace elements. This is one reason why different brands of sparkling mineral water have different tastes.
Lastly, tonic water seems to have similar types and amounts of minerals as club soda. The main difference between the two is that tonic water also contains quinine and sweeteners.
Which one is healthiest?
Club soda, seltzer, and sparkling mineral water all have similar nutritional profiles. Any of these three beverages are a great choice to quench your thirst and keep you hydrated.
If you struggle to meet your daily water needs through plain water alone, either club soda, seltzer, or sparkling mineral water are suitable alternatives to keep you hydrated.
Additionally, you may find that these beverages can soothe an upset stomach
On the other hand, tonic water contains a high amount of sugar and calories. It’s not a healthy option, so it should be avoided or limited.